Explaining the Pattern of Regional Development through Activity Clusters in Tehran Province with an Emphasis on Competitiveness

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student of Urban Planning, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Due to the consequences of globalization, regional development, which has always been highly important in macro planning, requires new approaches that are flexible about regional change. Among these consequences is the emergence of powerful regional economies with high GDP that have drawn the attention of many planners to the concept of competitiveness. Using recently proposed approaches and the important aspects of the global economy, this study set out to explore this concept at the area level. The purpose of this study was to analyze movements and structural-functional relationships in order to develop a local pattern of clusters in Tehran province. This study was a developmental-applied research project in terms of purpose and an analytic-descriptive one in terms of methodology. The data collection was based on document analysis and library studies and the data was collected through note taking, available statistics, and documenting. Data analysis was carried out using cluster analysis and specialized index methods, and the results were used in identifying activity clusters after examining the natural capability of each county. The results of the analysis show that the pattern of activity in Tehran province is the metropolis-dominated cluster pattern, and the counties which are located in the province can be identified in the form of 5 regional-local clusters. The above mentioned clusters of activities can provide the basis for regional development in Tehran province by joint and purposeful planning based on the priorities offered in this article.


Aghazadeh, H., Estiri, M., Osanlou, B. (2007). Competitiveness of Iranian Enterprises.The Economic Research, 6 (3), 37-58. (in Persian)
Andalib, A. (2012), Compilation Method of Masters & Doctoral Thesis. Tehran: Azarakhsh Publishing. (in Persian)
Choe, K., Laquian, A. (2008). City cluster development: toward an urban-led ‎development strategy for Asia. Asian Development Bank, Philippines.
Choe, K., Roberts B. (2011). Competitive Cities in the 21st Century: Cluster-Based ‎Local Economic Development. Asian Development Bank, Mandaluyong City, ‎Philippines.
Dadashpoor, H., Ahmadi, F. (2010).Regional competitiveness as a new approach to regional development. Yas Strategy, 23, (22), 51- 80. (in Persian)
Doloreux, D., Shearmur, R., Figueiredo, D. (2016). Québec’ Coastal Maritime ‎Cluster: Its Impact on Regional‏ ‏Economic Development 2001–2011.Marine ‎Policy, 71, 201-209.
Fester, E.j., Bergman, E.M. (2000). National Industry Cluster Templates: A Framwork for Applied Regional Cluster Analysis. Regional Studies. 34(1), 1-19.
Haji Amini, S., Tavallayi, S., Farjam, R. (2011), Analyzing Tourism Cluster in Shiraz with Porter Proliferate bModel.Journal of Zonal Planning , 1(3), 1-15. (in Persian)
Hall, P. (2003), The World’s Urban Systems: A European Perspective. Brussels: European Spatial Planning Observation Network
Hosseinzadeh, O.(2012),Providing a Decision Making pattern for the Development of Industrial Furniture Clusters (with Emphasis on the Location of Iran Furniture Clusters),Ph.DThesis, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran University, 19.(in Persian)
Kalantari, Kh. Abdollahzadeh, Gh. (2015), Spatial and Land Use Planning. Tehran: Farhange Saba Publishing (in Persian)
Khayrullina, M. (2014). Innovative Territorial Clusters as Instruments of Russian Regions Development in Global Economy, 21st International Economic Conference, Sibiu, Romania,16, 88-94.
Laquian, A. (2008). The Planning and Governance of Asia’s Mega-Urban Regions.‎Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New ‎York.
McCall, T. (2010). What do we mean by Regional Development? , Institute for Regional Development, Cradle Coast campus, University of Tasmania.
McGee, T.G. (1995). Metrofitting the Emerging Mega-urban regions in ASEAN: An Overview in the Mega-Urban Regions of Southeast Asia, edited by T.G. McGee and Ira M. Robinson. Institute of Asian Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Meshkini, A. khaliji, M.A.(2017). Assessment of housing in Bonab Districts by Cluster Analysis.Human Geography Research Quarterly, 48 (4), 617-629. (in Persian)
Najib, M., Kiminami, A., Yagi, H. (2011). Competitiveness of Indonesian Small and Medium Food Processing Industry: Dose the Location Matter?,International Journal of Business and Management, 6(9), 57-68.
Parsai Moghaddam, H. (2014).Compilation Model of Regional Development Strategy (RDS) in Hamadan Province. Master Thesis, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modarres University. (in Persian)
Poursafavi, S.M., Jafari, Sh. (2018). Assessment of Regional Competitiveness in Functional Urban Regions by Cluster Analysis, Mazandaran, Iran.Human Geography Research Quarterly,49(4), 807- 820. (in Persian)
Rahmani Shamsi, J., Asayesh, F., Dolati, A.(2018), Clustering of regional countries in terms of GDP per capita time series trend over the period of 1990-2014 with ICA Technique.Journal of Zonal Planning, 7(28), 1-12. (in Persian)
Sadyrtdinov, R., & Rodnyansk, D. (2014). Integration Processes as A Factor of Regional Development. IIth Global Conferece on Business, Economice, Managmentand Tourism, Prague, Czech Republic, 772 – 777.
Saskia, S. (1991). The Global City: New York, London. Tokyo. Princeton University Press.
Shukla, K.P. (2013). A Comparative Analysis of Regional Industrial Development: ‎Pre and Post Economic Reforms with Special Reference to Gujarat. Doctor of ‎Philosophy in Economics, Faculty of Arts, The Gujarat University, Ahmedabad.
The Land Use Plan of Tehran Province. (2009). Studies and Research Center of Urban Planning and Architecture of Iran, The ministry of Roads & Urban Development. (in Persian)
The Physical Plan of South Alborz.(2007). Studies and Research Center of Urban Planning and Architecture of Iran, The ministry of Roads & Urban Development, Iran. (in Persian)
The plan of Tehran Conurbation and surrounding cities. (2003). Studies and Research Center of Urban Planning and Architecture of Iran, The ministry of Roads & Urban Development. (in Persian)
Vossoughi, L. (2012).Analysis of Tourism Development Process in Rural Areas, with Emphasis on Tourism Cluster Model.Ph.D Thesis, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University.(in Persian)
Yaman, A., Kara, M. (2008). Turkiye de Bolgesel Pollitikanin Donusumu Surecinde Kalkinma Ajanslarinin Kurulus Calismalari: Son Durum Ve degerlendirmeler, Istanbul Politikalar Merkezi, Bolgesel kalkinma Ajanslari Kitabi, Temmuz.
Yelkikalan, N. Soylemezoglu, E. Kiray, A. Sonmez, R. Ezilmez, B. Altun, M. (2014). Clustering Approach as a Regional Development Tool. VIIIth International Strategic Management Conference, 503 – 513.
Volume 11, Issue 2
Autumn & Winter
October 2019
Pages 235-262
  • Receive Date: 23 October 2019
  • Revise Date: 27 December 2019
  • Accept Date: 27 December 2019